Jewish Community Banja Luka (JCBL) was established at 1848. Immediately after establishment in relatively short historical period,first “Sefard” synagogue was built at 1888 on the right side of the river Crkvena.

When the Austro-Hungarians came to the Krajina area, Jewish community had become more significant. The second synagogue, Askenash synagogue, had been established in 1902. As soon as Austria-Hungarians had come (after Berlin Congress and approved annexation) and after the establishment of Vrbas Banovina (region ruled by a ban) the Jewish Municipality of Banja Luka was gaining in importance thanking to high-quality educational cadre, which puts the Jewish Municipality in a position of bearer and promotor of general cultural development and progress of the city situated on the Vrbas River.

At the beginning of the 30s in the twentieth century, the growing economic crisis and anti-Semitism were leading to well-known direction, Holocaust and the destruction of the Jewish people and culture in whole Europe, which did not bypass these regions too. Before the World War II, Jewish community had over 500 members,which represented over 5% population of prewar Banja Luka. II World War brings the holocaust of Jews and Jewish community stops with its work in period between 1941 to 1945. The holocaust caused Calvary of 65 % of members of JCBL in death-camps Jasenovac, Gospic and Stara Gradiska.

After the end of the war JCBL within short period of time, renew its work through humanitarian organization. Its work was made impossible by the drastic laws of nationalization from 1948 and confiscation of the property of the Jews which were by the young Titoistic state and therefore led the Jewish people to the margins of humanitarian help that further led them to migrations directed to countries such as: Israel, America and Canada. The renewal of synagogue never happen due to the vary poor relations between regime on that time and Israel.

Today, after 67 years and the fall of the Socialistic regime, the Jewish Municipality of Banja Luka, thanking to arousal of the national consciousness and the need for assertion of the Jewish identity and numerous members of young, who stayed and worked in kibucs in Israel during the war in ex Yugoslavia, wants to renew its work by the return of democracy and rule of laws on these areas and through return of the property of Jewish Municipality of Banja Luka, which is a material assumption for the building of the Jewish Cultural Center (which would include synagogue), and to maintain Jewish culture and its cultural customs in the regions of Krajina.

It is impossible to achieve that without the help of the Jewish Community, the Government of Republic of Srpska and city of Banja Luka as a bearer of the revitalization of the Jewish Community of Banja Luka.